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Engineering Course Details: Highlights

The highlights table gives quick information about the course types, duration, course fees, and entrance exams for pursuing Engineering. Candidates can check this table for an idea about the average salary offered after completing this course as well as the top recruiters for Engineering graduates. Check key points related to courses related to Engineering in the table below:

Particulars Details
Engineering Courses BTech, BE, MTech, PhD, Integrated BTech-MTech
Engineering Course Levels Graduation/ Postgraduation/ Doctorate/Diploma
Engineering Courses Eligibility Criteria Diploma: Class 10 UG: Class 12 along with entrance examination PG: BTech + GATE Doctorate: MTech
Engineering Course Duration Diploma: 3 years UG: 4 years PG: 2 years PhD: 3- 6 years
Engineering Course Examination Type Semester-wise
Engineering Course Fees Up to INR 10 lakh
Engineering Average Salary INR 4 to 8 lakh
Engineering Course Top Institutes Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
Engineering Top Recruiters Google, Apple, Hindustan Unilever Ltd, ISRO, Accenture, Infosys, Wipro
Engineering Course Entrance Exam JEE Main, JEE Advanced, WBJEE, KEAM, AP EAMCET and TS EAMCET
Engineering Job Positions Civil Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Computer Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Marine Engineer, Biomedical Engineer

What is the Scope of the Engineering Course?

The scope of engineering courses in India is vast and promising, offering a multitude of benefits:

  • High Demand & Job Growth: India produces over 1.5 million engineering graduates yearly, catering to a global engineering workforce. There's a projected growth of 12 million engineering jobs in India over the next 5 years.

  • Diverse Specializations: Beyond traditional Civil, Mechanical, and Electrical, there are specializations in Robotics, Nanotechnology, and Bioinformatics, catering to evolving technological needs.

  • Lucrative Career Options: Engineering graduates have options in both government (PSUs) and private sectors, with a median salary potential of INR 28.5 Lakhs (US$38,000) for some specializations.

  • Innovation & Entrepreneurship: India's booming startup scene allows engineers to create new technologies in AI, e-commerce, and fintech.

Engineering Courses: Selection Criteria

The criteria of eligibility for taking admission in Engineering courses vary from institute to institute. However, one of the basic conditions. especially for Bachelor's degree in Engineering, is that students must have passed class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as subjects. Several institutes have the condition of a minimum percentage of marks in class 12 which varies for various institutes. Also, some institutes do have the condition of maximum and minimum age for taking admission in Engineering courses.

Additional Factors (May vary by Institution):

  • Interview: Some colleges might conduct personal interviews to assess a candidate's communication skills, motivation, and suitability for the program.
  • Previous Academic Performance: Institutions might consider your performance in previous academic years, particularly in science and mathematics.
  • Extracurricular Activities and Achievements: Participation in science fairs, engineering olympiads, or relevant projects can showcase your passion and potential.
  • Reservations: Indian institutions have reservation policies for Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Other Backward Classes (OBC), and other categories as mandated by the government.

Engineering Admission Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for various Engineering courses are given in the table below:

Courses Eligibility
BE/BTech Candidates must have passed the Class 12 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects.
They must also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60 percent in the above subjects combined.
BTech Lateral Entry Candidates must have passed a three-year Diploma granted by the Board of Technical Examination of a State Government, with a minimum of 45 percent aggregate marks or equivalent.
ME/MTech Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree with a valid score in GATE are eligible for the ME/MTech degree course.
Diploma Aspirants must have passed Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/Tenth standard/equivalent examination, with at least 45 percent in Science and Maths subjects.
PhD Aspirants must have secured a minimum of 55 percent marks or 5.5 CPI marks in BTech/MTech or equivalent degree in appropriate branches.

Engineering Entrance Exams 2024

Most of the Engineering institutes in India select candidates for admission based on entrance exam scores and ranks. While some technical institutes accept AIR (All India Ranks) secured in national-level exams, others conduct their entrance exams. Moreover, for admissions to MTech courses, candidates must prepare well for GATE. Here are some of the popular Engineering entrance exams in India at the UG and PG levels:

Exam Exam Dates Exam Schedule
JEE Main JEE Main 2024 Exam Date Session 1- 24 Jan '24 - 1 Feb '24 JEE Main 2024 Exam Date Session 2- 4 Apr '24 - 15 Apr '24 JEE Main Schedule
JEE Advanced 26 May'24 JEE Advanced Schedule
MHT CET MHT CET 2024 Exam for PCB Group- 22 Apr '24 - 30 Apr '24 MHT CET 2024 Exam for PCM Group- 02 May '24 - 17 May '24 MHTCET Schedule
CUET 15 May '24 - 31 May '24 CUET Schedule
TS EAMCET 09 May '24 - 11 May '24 TS EAMCET Schedule
BITSAT BITSAT 2024 Exam Date (Session I)- 20 May '24 - 24 May '24 BITSAT 2024 Exam Date (Session II)- 22 Jun '24 - 26 Jun '24 BITSAT Schedule
KCET 18 Apr '24 - 19 Apr '24 KCET Schedule
KEAM 5 June '24 - 9 June '24 Schedule
WBJEE 28 Apr '24 Schedule
VITEEE 19 Apr '24 - 30 Apr '24 VITEEE Schedule
GATE 3 Feb ‘24 - 11 Feb ‘24 Schedule

Engineering Courses Important Entrance Exams:

A majority of Engineering entrance exams have released their schedules. Below is a snapshot of some of the important exams for BTech admissions in India. For detailed information, students can click on the respective exam.

Exam Upcoming Event
JEE Main JEE Main is conducted by the National Testing Agency in four sessions in February, March, April, and May every year. Admission to institutes like NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs is through JEE Main
MHT CET Candidates seeking admission to Engineering courses in Maharashtra need to qualify for the MHT CET exam. The exam is conducted annually in May/June.
UPCET (Earlier UPSEE) Admissions to Engineering courses in UP are through UPCET. However, no exam is conducted and seat allotment is done based on JEE Main scores
AP EAMCET AP EAMCET is conducted in Andhra Pradesh for admission to Engineering courses.
TS EAMCET TS EAMCET exam is for Engineering courses admission in Telangana.
BITSAT BITS Pilani admission is through the BITSAT exam.
KEAM Admission to Engineering courses in Kerala is through KEAM.

Engineering Branches

Mechanical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Civil Engineering, and Electrical Engineering are the top five Engineering streams according to MHRD’s AISHE report. Besides these, there are numerous other Engineering specializations/branches that candidates can choose from. Given below are a few of them:

Engineering Specialisations
Aeronautical Engineering Industrial Engineering
Aerospace Engineering Marine Engineering
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Mechanical Engineering
Automobile Engineering Mechatronics Engineering
Biotechnology Engineering Biomedical Engineering
Ceramic Engineering Mining Engineering
Chemical Engineering Nanotechnology
Civil Engineering Petroleum Engineering
Communications Engineering Power Engineering
Computer Science Engineering Production Engineering
Construction Engineering Robotics Engineering
Data Science Structural Engineering
Electrical Engineering Telecommunication Engineering
Electronics & Communication Engineering Tool Engineering
Electronics Engineering Textile Engineering
Environmental Engineering Transportation Engineering
Food Technology

Top Engineering Colleges in India

There are more than 5000 Engineering colleges in India consisting of above 60% private colleges and 25% government colleges and the rest colleges are functioning under private-public partnerships. Candidates can check here a list of top Engineering colleges in India as per NIRF rankings.

Top NIRF Ranked BTech Colleges

Students interested in pursuing Engineering can apply to colleges taking into consideration their relevant positions as per the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF).

The colleges mentioned in the table are listed as per the NIRF Rankings.

Institute Tuition Fees (in INR) NIRF'23
Indian Institute of Technology, Madras 5.31 - 10 lakh 1
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi 8 - 8.1 lakh 2
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 8 - 20 lakh 3
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 8 - 8.38 lakh 4
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee 8 - 10.71 lakh 5
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 8 - 10 lakh 6
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati 8 lakh 7
Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad 8 lakh 8
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli 5 lakh 9
Jadavpur University 9,6000 - 1.21 lakh 10

Top Engineering Government Colleges

The top Engineering government colleges as per NIRF rankings include top IITs and NITs. They offer undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programmes across various specialisations in Engineering. These colleges are ranked as the top Engineering colleges in India. The colleges mentioned in the table are listed alphabetically and not in any order of ranking hierarchy. The following colleges offer UG, PG, and PhD programmes in various specialisations of Engineering.

Institute Tuition Fees (in INR)
Delhi Technological University 2.97 L - 6.42 L
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai 1.86 L - 3.48 L
IIT Dhanbad (ISM) 8 L - 8.3 L
IIT Indore 8 L
IIT Mandi 8 L
IIT Ropar 8 L
Jamia Millia Islamia 64,600
NIT Silchar 5 L
NIT Surathkal 5 L
VNIT Nagpur 5 L

Top Engineering Private Colleges

Private institutes have played a dynamic role in improving the standard of Engineering education based on their industry-specific standards and world-class infrastructure. The colleges mentioned in the table are listed alphabetically and not in any order of ranking hierarchy. Some of the top private Engineering colleges are as follows:

Institute Tuition Fees (in INR) NIRF Ranking
VIT Vellore 7.8 Lakh 11
Thapar University 14.58 Lakh 20
BITS Pilani 19.4 Lakh 25
SOA University - Siksha 'O' Anusandhan 11 Lakh 27
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai 10 Lakh 28
Amity University 10.16 Lakh 31
SASTRA (Deemed to be University) 6 Lakh 34
Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education 7.40 Lakh 36
Chandigarh University 10.86 Lakh 38
KL (Deemed to be University) 2.4 - 10.4 Lakh 44

Top Engineering Scholarships 2024

Over 500 engineering scholarships exist in India to provide financial aid to students. Certain scholarships support international research collaborations and internships, opening doors to a global engineering network. Here's a table showcasing some top Engineering scholarships and their key details:

College Name Scholarships
Delhi Technological University
  • Merit Scholarships
  • Merit Scholarship for students belonging to SC/ ST/ OBC/ Minorities
  • Post Matric Scholarship for SC students
IIT Dhanbad (ISM)
  • Merit Cum Means Scholarship
  • Endowment Scholarship
  • Benevolent Fund
  • ISMAANA Scholarship
  • Sandvik Scholarship
IIT Indore
  • Merit-Cum-Means (MCM) Scholarship
  • Central Sector Scholarship (CSS) Scholarship
  • Foundation for Excellence (FFE) Scholarship
  • TCS Fellowship Scheme
  • National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC) Scholarship
Lovely Professional University
  • Scholarship After 12th
  • Scholarship After Graduation
  • Scholarship based on LPUNEST
IIT Madras
  • Merit-cum-Means/ Free studentship (offered to 25% of admitted students)
  • Notional prize (offered to 7% of admitted students)
  • Indian Women's Association at Bonn scholarship
IIT Delhi

  • Institute Free Studentship (UG)
  • Scholarship for SC/ ST/ PwD Students
  • Scholarship for MSc students
  • Donor Scholarship
  • Scholarship for MTech, MS (Research) and MDes students
ICT Mumbai
  • Gunvati Jagan Nath Kapoor Merit Cum Means Scholarship
  • Smt. Kamala Sankhe Scholarship for girl student
  • M. S. Patel Trust Merit-cum-Means Scholarship
  • Smt. Parvathy Sitaram Merit-cum-Means Scholarship
  • S.L. Venkiteswaran Merit-cum-Means Scholarship

Engineering Career, Scope, Job Profiles, Salary and Recruiters

After graduating from Senior Secondary School, Engineering is one of the most sought-after disciplines among students. The fact that millions of students take the JEE and other major Engineering admission examinations each year is proof positive. It provides a wide range of opportunities, which raises student interest in it.

Graduates are hired in many different fields, including KPO/Research Analytics, Accounting, and Finance. Let's explore the types of job profiles with their annual salaries in India in the table given below:

Engineering Job Profile Job Description
Average Salary (in INR)
Software Engineer Designs, develops, and tests software applications 7.7 LPA
Data Scientist Analyzes data to extract insights and drive business decisions 13.4 LPA
Data Analyst They collect, clean, analyze, and interpret data to identify trends, patterns, and relationships. 6 LPA
Data Engineer Data engineers are responsible for building and maintaining the infrastructure that supports data collection, storage, processing, and analysis. 10.1 LPA
Civil Engineer Designs, constructs, and maintains infrastructure, including roads, bridges, buildings, and water systems 4.6 LPA
Chemical Engineer Designs and develops chemical processes for the production of chemicals, fuels, and other materials 5.1 LPA
Petroleum Engineer Develops methods for extracting and refining oil and gas 12.1 LPA
Electrical Engineer Designs develops, and maintains electrical systems, which are at the heart of modern infrastructure and technology 4.4 LPA
Electronics Engineer Designs, develops, and tests electronic components and systems 3.4 LPA
Biomedical Engineer Combines Engineering principles with biology and medicine to develop new medical devices, diagnostics, and therapies 3.3 LPA
Aeronautical Engineer Designs, develops, and tests aircraft, spacecraft, and other aerospace vehicles 4 LPA
Industrial Engineer Designs and implements systems and processes to improve efficiency and productivity 4.2 LPA
Mechanical Engineer Designs, develops, and tests mechanical systems, including machines, tools, and components 4.3 LPA

Top Recruiters for Engineering Graduates

Placements of Engineering graduates in institutes like IITs, NITs, and IIITs are generally good ranging from INR 4-5 lakh to several crores per annum. Below is the list of Engineering colleges in India and a few top companies that recruit BTech graduates along with their placement ratings:

Top Engineering Colleges Top Engineering Recruiters
IIT Bombay TCS, Microsoft, Samsung, Google, Qualcomm, Mood Indigo, Goldman Sachs, Amazon, Adobe, TATA, Morgan Stanley, Accenture, Spring Fest
IIT Kanpur VMock, ICICI Bank, Flipkart, Axis Bank, OYO Rooms, Intel, Zomato, Jaguar, IBM, Uber, Myntra
IIT Madras Google, Microsoft, Myntra, PayPal, TCS, Wipro, Philips, American Express, Kotak, Amazon, Flipkart, Citibank, IBM, Reliance
IIT Hyderabad Adobe, Amazon, Flipkart, HSBC, Indian Oil, Intel, Jaguar, Microsoft, SalesForce
IIT Delhi Capgemini, Microsoft, Intel, Goldman Sachs, Uber, Amazon, Flipkart, Mastercard, Deloitte, Google, Qualcomm, KPMG, IBM, Dell, Wipro, Infosys, Absolut Data, Ernst & Young, Standard Chartered, Societe Generale
IIT Kharagpur Google, Cognizant, ITC Limited, TCS, Microland, TechMahindra
  • Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main: Conducted for admission to undergraduate engineering programs at NITs, IIITs, and other centrally funded technical institutions.
  • JEE Advanced: For admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
  • State-level exams like MHT-CET (Maharashtra), KEAM (Kerala), WBJEE (West Bengal), etc.

Types of Engineering Institutes:

  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs): Premier institutions offering undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programs in various engineering disciplines.
  • National Institutes of Technology (NITs): Autonomous public technical universities offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs.
  • Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs): Specialized institutions focusing on information technology and related fields.
  • State Government Engineering Colleges: Each state in India has its own network of engineering colleges, some of which are renowned for their quality education.
  • Private Engineering Colleges: There are numerous private engineering colleges across India, offering engineering programs in various disciplines.

Popular Engineering Disciplines:

  • Computer Science and Engineering (CSE)
  • Electrical Engineering (EE)
  • Mechanical Engineering (ME)
  • Civil Engineering (CE)
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE)
  • Chemical Engineering (ChemE

Curriculum and Education Quality:

The curriculum in engineering colleges generally follows the guidelines set by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). However, the quality of education can vary significantly among different institutions. Premier institutes like the IITs and NITs are known for their rigorous academics and excellent faculty.

Opportunities for Research and Internships:

Many engineering colleges in India offer opportunities for students to engage in research projects and internships, both within the country and abroad. These experiences can greatly enhance students' skills and employability.

Placement and Career Prospects:

Engineering graduates from reputed institutions often have excellent placement opportunities in both domestic and international companies. Sectors such as IT, manufacturing, consulting, finance, and research and development offer promising career prospects for engineering graduates.


While engineering education in India offers numerous opportunities, it also faces challenges such as a shortage of quality faculty, outdated curriculum in some institutions, and a gap between industry requirements and academic offerings.

Why Should You Study an Engineering in India

Studying engineering in India offers several compelling reasons:

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Engineering

Q. What is Engineering?

A. Engineering is the application of science and mathematics for making properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature useful to people. It deals with the designing and application of machines across factories and industries and production of finished goods for human use. It is one of the most fundamental domains which is important for the development of any nation. All the essential services to humankind is dependent on engineering such as Medicine, Security, Telecommunications, Transportation, Housing and Food. Therefore, engineering is a promising field to establish one's career.

Q. What is the difference between Science and Engineering?

A. Science is knowledge based on observed facts and tested truths whereas Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles. Engineering is used to plan, build, direct, guide, manage, or work on systems to maintain and improve the daily lives of people. Engineers take abstract ideas and apply science and mathematics to build products to meet the needs of mankind. They deal with simplifying manual process and leveraging human labour to increase the production. Scientists are responsible for formulating theories and devising formulae or solutions for any scientific problem. Therefore, though these two fields are interrelated but the courses offered are slightly different in terms of course curriculum as well as outcomes.

Can the Engineering course be done in distance mode?

A. No, the recent UGC and AICTE guidelines have made it mandatory for institutes to refrain from offering courses in engineering in distance mode. These courses consist of practical applications, therefore need hands-on training. Even if some institutes offer engineering courses in distance education mode, still most institutes offer engineering programs in regular mode due to the course structure and lab works students need to do.

How can I calculate my score using JEE Main answer key?

A. To determine the score, candidates must compare their response sheets with the answer key. They will assign 4 marks to each correct answer and deduct one mark for every incorrect answer. By adding the marks for correct answers and subtracting marks for incorrect answers, candidates will obtain their final score.

Q. What are the Best engineering degrees in India and Why?

A. Determining the "best" engineering degree is subjective and depends on individual interests, job market trends, and personal goals. However, some highly sought-after and promising options in India include:

Computer Science & Engineering: Strong demand due to the tech boom, diverse career paths, and high earning potential.

Electronics & Communication Engineering: Wide range of applications, from telecommunications to robotics, with good job prospects.

Mechanical Engineering: Versatile skillset applicable in various industries, offering job security and growth opportunities.

Civil Engineering: Crucial for infrastructure development, with consistent demand and diverse specializations.

Chemical Engineering: Involved in developing and optimizing chemical processes, offering well-paying jobs in various sectors.

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